Bald Cypress

Bald Cypress

Low Allergenicity

Pollen Type: Tree

Cross-Reactivity: Arizona Cypress

HS Allergy Extract: Cypress, Bald

Family: Cupressaceae

Genus/Species: Taxodium distichum

Common Names: Bald Cypress, Swamp Cypress, White Cypress, Tidewater Red Cypress, Gulf Cypress, Red Cypress

Distribution: Native to the southeastern United States. Coastal southern states from New Jersey south to Florida. West into central Texas and inland up to the Mississippi River

Locations: Along riverbanks; swamps, sloughs, and wet bottomland forests

Pollination Method: Wind-pollinated

Pollinating Period: March & April

Description: Bald Cypress is a deciduous cone-bearing tree native to the southeastern United States. It grows over 75’ and is conical shaped when young, becoming flat-topped as it ages. The tapering trunk is slightly buttressed at the swollen base and can develop cone-shaped “knees” in poorly drained areas. Its bark is fibrous with a stringy texture, and its color ranges from grayish-brown to reddish-brown. Its short, sage-green, linear needles are arranged alternately on new shoots and are twisted at the base, giving them the appearance of flattened, feather-like branchlets. The needles turn a striking copper color before falling off. Bald Cypress is monoecious, meaning that male and female cones grow on the same tree. The cones form on slender, tassel-like structures near the edge of branchlets. Male cones emerge on 4”-5” long panicles. Female cones are round, resinous, and green when young, later turing brown as the tree matures. Each cone contains 20 to 40 large seeds, which are released when the cones disintegrate at maturity.

Bald Cypress